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Points Of Interest

Point #1
Beginning

Pl. Agion Asomaton 1, Athina 105 55, Greece

  • Distance : 0.00
  • Attraction :
https://www.britannica.com/place/Athens

Let's start our amazing walk through Athens, Greece! We will be starting just up ahead to Thisseos Square.

Point #2
Thisseos Square

Adrianoy 1, Athina 105 55, Greece

  • Distance : 0.02
  • Attraction : Historical Square
https://athensattica.com/things-to-see/sightseeing/thission-square/

Beginning our walk through the history rich city of Athens, we are here at Thissieos Square! Technically a part of the broader area of Plaka, it is known for its lively atmosphere and traditional Greek architecture. Not only are there ancient ruins nearby like the Hephaestus Temple, the square is also lined with cafes, restaurants, and shops where you can be immersed in Greek culture. 

We will walk along a long row of those many businesses, and I hope you choose to stop and grab a snack before we begin our journey! I highly recommend waiting in line at one of these street food stalls and getting yourself either - or both! - souvlaki or loukoumades. Souvlaki are small pieces of grilled or skewered meat in pita bread with tzatziki sauce, and loukoumades are deep fried balls of dough soaked in honey. A savory and a sweet option!

Point #3
Painted Porch

Adrianoy 11, Athina 105 55, Greece

  • Distance : 0.05
  • Attraction : Ruins
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stoa_Poikile

To our left is the Painted Porch, or Stoa Poikile and it marks the beginning of the ancient Agora Athens, which was once the central marketplace and center of the city of Athens. We will discuss more about ancient Agora Athens as we make our way close to the center of it! 

The Painted Porch was built in the 5th century BC and was a long building with double colonnades as there were columns in the back and the front. Its name was given due to the fact that there were frescoes covering almost every wall inside. They depicted many different scenes from Greek history and mythology such as the Battle of Marathon. 

Used as a place for those to gather, it was an important location for Athenians to hold philosophical discussions and lectures. It is said that the philosopher Zeno of Citium, the founder of Stoicism, lectured at this very spot. Stoa Poikile stands as an influential site for many of the philosophical strides Athenians made for the world.

Point #4
Ancient Agora Athens

Adrianoy 24, Athina 105 55, Greece

  • Distance : 0.01
  • Attraction : Ancient City
https://www.ancient-greece.org/archaeology/agora.html

We are currently standing in the center of one of Athen’s most important archaeological sites, Ancient Agora Athens. Established in the 6th century BC, it was used as a central gathering place for political, philosophical, social, and cultural activities for over 1,000 years. The Agora was a hub for Athenian democracy, and many citizens would participate here in public discourse, vote on the matters at hand, and overall engage in the democratic process. 

Even though it was an extremely important location for these political and philosophical events, the Agora was also a major site for fun too! There was a large marketplace for selling and trading goods, as well as theater performances and festivals. The Ancient Agora was truly the place to be during this time.

Filled with a variety of buildings and structures, the Agora holds temples, altars, monuments, administrative buildings, lecture halls, and covered walkways. As we walk through this section of Ancient Agora Athens, we will come across many influential structures. I will point them out as we go! 

Point #5
Temple of Ares

Adrianoy 11, Athina 105 55, Greece

  • Distance : 0.65
  • Attraction : Ancient Ruins
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Temple_of_Ares

To your right is the Temple of Ares, or the Areopagus. It was an ancient religious and judicial site, dedicated to the worships of the god Ares, the Greek god of war. But more broadly, it was for the worship of Eumenides, a group of ancient Greek gods and goddesses associated with vengeance and justice. As I’m sure you can guess by this description, this was the location where the council of elders in Ancient Athens would meet. The Areopagus played a crucial role in that this is where many of the city’s legal events took place such as trials and judgments. 

With its historical significance, the structure also holds religious significance as well. It is believed to be the location where the apostle Paul delivered his famous speech during his visit to Athens in the 1st century CE. It is recounted in the Bible and it is referred to as either “Mars Hill” or “Areopagus”.

Point #6
Directions

Adrianoy 11, Athina 105 55, Greece

  • Distance : 0.03
  • Attraction :
-

Up ahead we will be making our way towards the iconic Temple of Hephaestus! You will be making a slight left turn and around the corner will be the temple. Please take a look around and once you are finished, you will make your way back the same way you came, and continue to follow the directions.

Point #7
Temple of Hephaestus

Naos Ifestou, Athina 105 55, Greece

  • Distance : 1.71
  • Attraction : Ancient Temple
https://www.greeka.com/attica/athens/sightseeing/temple-hephaestus/

The Temple of Hephaestus is truly a Greek landmark in the Ancient Agora of Athens. It is extremely well preserved and is a perfect example of Greek architecture. Dedicated to the God of Fire, Hephaestus, who was also the patron of metal working and craftsmanship. The temple went through a lengthy construction process for about 40 years in the 400s BC. 

Built out of marble from the nearby Mount Penteli, the temple still stands strong, made out of both Pentelic and Parian marble, excluding the bottom steps and the platform. With its many columns inside and outside the structure, it is an easily recognizable Greek structure, designed in Doric style. A rectangular shape with a pronaos (porch) and an opisthodomos (rear porch), following the classic layout of Greek temples. Many parts of the temple were covered with sculptures depicting Greek mythology and battle scenes. 

A large reason as to why the Temple of Hephaestus has stayed in such wonderful condition is due to the fact that the building continued to be used throughout the years. It has served various purposes such as the Orthodox church in the Middle Ages. We are so lucky for this, as it allows us to learn more about our world’s rich history, and especially because we get to be standing in awe of it right at this very moment. 

Please now walk the same way we arrived, and we will continue on our way!

Point #8
Monument of the Eponymous Heroes

Adrianoy 11, Athina 105 55, Greece

  • Distance : 0.02
  • Attraction : Monument
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monument_of_the_Eponymous_Heroes

The Monument of the Eponymous Heroes stands on your left that consists of statues of the heroes from the ten Athenian tribes. In Ancient Athens, each tribe has an eponymous hero associated with it and thus symbolizes the tribe. Each hero was usually a historical or mythological figure and helps to represent the democracy of Athens and the importance of each of the ten Athenian tribes.

Point #9
Odeon of Agrippa/Middle Stoa

Polignotou 13, Athina 105 55, Greece

  • Distance : 0.00
  • Attraction : Ancient Ruins
http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/artifact?name=Athens%2C+Middle+Stoa&object=Building

Where we are standing now there are two more notable sites to recognize! On the left is the Odeon of Agrippa. Built in the 1st century BC by Marcus Vipsanois Agrippa, a close associate of Emperor Augustus, it served as a venue for musical performances and cultural events. Estimated seating capacity was between 1,000 to 1,200 attendees which was quite an impressive number at the time. Designed in a semi-circle it was a perfect center for concerts and lectures. 

On your right is the Middle Stoa. The Middle Stoa had multiple purposes such as a place for merchants and traders to conduct business, a space for discussion, as well as a location for public meetings usually within legal and administrative matters. It was once filled with many sculptures that are now displayed in museums around the city.

Point #10
Stoa of Attalos

Adrianoy 24, Athina 105 55, Greece

  • Distance : 0.00
  • Attraction : Museum
https://www.athenskey.com/stoa-of-attalos.html

In front of us is the Stoa of Attalos! Arguably the most recognizable buildings in the Ancient Agora, it is a very well preserved ancient building that has now been converted into a museum. It was originally built around 150 BC and was gifted to the city of Athens to be a place for civic activities and to house businesses. It is a two-story building measuring 115 meters, or 377 feet long and features rows of Doric columns on both levels. It is a prime example of Hellenistic architecture with the columns and its meticulous symmetry. 

Its original functions were separated between the two levels. The first level is where the bustling marketplace lived with the many shops, traders, and businesses for the people of Athens. The second level is where many political, philosophical, educational, and cultural discussions and meetings took place. Between the 1950s and 60s, it was reconstructed by the American School of Classical Studies in Athens and now holds the Museum of the Ancient Agora. If you visit, you’ll discover many ancient Athenian artifacts like sculptures, inscriptions, artwork and other amazing pieces from the time period. 

The Stoa of Attalos is a magnificent Greek building, not only showcasing classical Greek architecture, but also the many priceless artifacts within its walls. It is a wonderful location to learn more about the city of Athens and the many different periods it went through.

Point #11
Directions

Polignotou 10, Athina 105 55, Greece

  • Distance : 0.00
  • Attraction :
-

Such an amazing array of Greek ruins and architecture right? We are now going to go around this corner and make a right down Polignotou, where the Roman Forum will be on our right.

Point #12
Roman Forum

Polignotou 2, Athina 105 55, Greece

  • Distance : 0.04
  • Attraction : Ancient Ruins
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roman_Forum

On our left is the Roman Forum of Athens that once proudly stood. Some structures in better condition than others, it was built in the 1st century BC, and it served as the administrative and commercial center of the city during the Roman period and reflects the Roman influence on the city. Many legal proceedings and trade took place here, and other public meetings, but in the plaza there are other structures that held different events. 

For example, there is the Fethiye Mosque which was a building that was converted into a mosque during the Ottoman period. This really represents the ever changing religious landscape of Athens. The most recognizable structure is the Tower of the Winds. It is an octagonal clock tower and weather vane that was not only a structure for keeping the time, but was also a weather station. The Roman Forum of Athens is an extremely interesting piece of Athens’ history and culture.

Point #13
Directions

Klepsidras 3, Athina 105 55, Greece

  • Distance : 1.25
  • Attraction :
-

Please make your way down the street we are now on, Klepsidras. There will be a flight of stairs then you will make a left!

Point #14
Athens University and History Museum

Klepsidras 3, Athina 105 55, Greece

  • Distance : 0.02
  • Attraction : University
https://en.uoa.gr/about_us/museums/athens_university_history_museum/

On both sides of us is the Athens University, but on the right is also their history museum. Athens University is one of the oldest and most prestigious universities in Greece. Established in 1837 just a few years after Greece gained independence from the Ottoman Empire, it has been a focal point of a lot of the country’s educational, cultural, and political development. 

The Athens University History Museum  is a neoclassical structure that displays and honors the heritage of the university and all of the findings it has given to the city of Athens, as well as the country of Greece. There are many different exhibitions within the museum related to the university’s history, but you are sure to find items such as manuscripts, photographs, scientific equipment, academic regalia and so much more.

Point #15
The Church of the Holy Unmercenaries Kolokynthis

Prytaneiou 9, Athina 105 56, Greece

  • Distance : 0.03
  • Attraction : Church
https://nomadicniko.com/2023/06/05/plaka/

The Church of the Holy Unmercenaries Kolokynthis is a single-aisled basilica, which was built in the early 1600s by a wealthy Athenian family, the Kolokynthis. It was built on the site of a temple dedicated to the Greek goddess Aphrodite, and is dedicated to Saints Cosmas and Damian. Since the 18th century it has been the property of the Greek Orthodox Patriarchate of Jerusalem and functions as an exarchate of the Holy Sepulchre.

Point #16
Holy Church of Saint Nicholas

Prytaneiou 2a, Athina 105 56, Greece

  • Distance : 0.01
  • Attraction : Church
https://www.stnicholascenter.org/gazetteer/2892

On our left is the oldest church in Athens, the Holy Church of Saint Nicholas. Built in the 11th century, not too long after the Greek revolution, it was the first church in Athens to have a bell tower! Previously during the Ottoman rule, bells were not allowed, so once that period came to an end, the Holy Church of Saint Nicholas proudly rang their bell. Continuing the tradition, the church was also the first to ring after the liberation from German occupation in 1944, and now rings each year on Greek National Day.

Point #17
Dion Greek Souvenirs

Tripodon 34, Athina 105 58, Greece

  • Distance : 0.78
  • Attraction : Shop
-

If you are looking for any souvenirs or gifts from your travels, just up ahead on our left is a great place to stop! I am sure you can find your very own treasure right here at Dion Greek Souvenirs.

Point #18
Choragic Monument of Lysicrates

Frinichou 2, Athina 105 58, Greece

  • Distance : 0.81
  • Attraction : Monument
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Choragic_Monument_of_Lysicrates

During the time of Ancient Athens, there were constant cultural events going on. Music was a staple in this community and therefore there were not only many concerts and productions put on, but even competitions! Step aside X Factor! Around 300 BC there was a choral competition known as the Dionysia. Wealthy Athenians would sponsor and organize the event with a variety of musical and theatrical groups, resulting in the winner to receive the honor of this monument in front of you! 

This site goes by the name of Choragic Monument of Lysicrates as the winning sponsor was named Lysicrates. Constructed in 334 BC, it is an excellent example of ancient Greek architecture and Corinthian style. As you can see, it is a circular structure with six Corinthian columns supporting its roof. Not only is it a beautiful monument, but it is also a great look at how Corinthian style was implemented during this time. To fit the dedication, there are scenes depicted from the myth of Dionysus, the Greek god of wine and theater.

Point #19
First Greek Evangelical Church of Athens

Lisikratous 11, Athina 105 58, Greece

  • Distance : 0.80
  • Attraction : Church
https://aeee.gr/en/

Our last church stop is the First Greek Evangelical Church of Athens. Founded in 1837, it is one of the oldest Protestant churches in Greece. The church was started by an American Presbyterian missionary and his wife, as it was built to spread Protestant Christianity. During this time the country was predominantly Orthodox Christian. The Evangelical Church of Greece marked a shift in the religious atmosphere, and the changing of some traditions.

Point #20
Directions

Leof. Vasilisis Amalias 54, Athina 105 58, Greece

  • Distance : 0.64
  • Attraction :
-

Please cross the street here, marking our way towards many more famous structures and an iconic garden.

Point #21
Hadrian's Arch

Leof. Vasilisis Amalias 50, Athina 105 58, Greece

  • Distance : 0.04
  • Attraction : Ancient Site
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arch_of_Hadrian_(Athens)

The contrast to this large ancient Roman arch with the bustling modern city around us is quite a fascinating image. Marking the beginning of the National Garden, Hadrian’s Arch still stands tall just as it did in 132 AD. In Ancient Rome, arches were built to signify important events or influential individuals. Hadrian’s Arch was constructed in honor of the Roman Emperor Hadrian, who had acted as a protector for the city of Athens. 

Standing at the intersection of the two major roads in Athens that connect the old city of Athens to the new Roman section, thus leading to the Temple of Olympian Zeus, it is a symbolic gateway for the old and the new.

Point #22
Directions

Θαλλού 9 & Αμαλίας 42, Αθήνα, 10558, Athina 105 58, Greece

  • Distance : 0.02
  • Attraction :
-

We are going to cross these two streets up ahead, officially entering the National Garden!

Point #23
Statue of Lord Byron

Leof. Vasilissis Olgas 1, Athina 105 57, Greece

  • Distance : 1.41
  • Attraction : Statue
https://www.gpsmycity.com/attractions/lord-byron-monument-9283.html

Dedicated to one of the most influential Romantic poets of the 19th century, this statue stands to honor the English poet Lord Byron, especially as he carries a strong association with the Greek War of Independence against the Ottoman Empire. The poet had a deep connection with the country of Greece during its struggles. He had traveled to Greece to support the movement and ended up joining the Greek forces. A lot of his work brought awareness to the conflict in the country such as his piece, “Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage”. 

The statue in front of us was created by a Danish sculptor named Betrel Thorvalsdesnm, whose neoclassical work put him on the map, but this piece in particular is considered his masterpiece. Lord Byron is shown in a thoughtful pose, holding a manuscript of “Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage”. An inscription at the base reads, “Byron, the Lord of Poetry”.

Point #24
The National Garden

ΑΓΑΛΜΑ ΒΥΡΩΝΟΣ, Athina 105 57, Greece

  • Distance : 0.06
  • Attraction : Gardens
https://www.greeka.com/attica/athens/sightseeing/athens-national-gardens/

The public park we are now walking through and surrounds us on either side is the National Garden. Originally commissioned by Queen Amalia, the Bavarian queen consort of Greece, in the 19th century, it was completed in 1840. Before it became a public site, it was the private royal garden of the Greek monarchy. 

 

The garden is about 38 acres and is a gorgeous selection of trees, flowers, lined pathways and sculptures just like the Lord Byron we learned about. There is a massive variety of plant species, indigenpous and expotic, and you can take a look at them up close if you choose to walk through the lovely park. 

 

Because of its beauty and the well kept flowerbeds, trees, and ponds, it is home to many animals such as turtles and ducks, but especially birds. It is a fantastic place to keep quiet away from the city and watch for some amazing animal sightseeing. 

 

If you do not walk through the other parts of the garden, please follow along with the directions. It will take you along another peaceful section to hopefully experience more of the lush garden without having to take too many more steps! Please enjoy the stroll, I will meet back with you for our next location at the cinema!

And don't worry, I promise to tell you everything about the large structure before you too!

 

Point #25
Cine Aegli Summer Cinema

Zappio Megaro, Athina 105 57, Greece

  • Distance : 0.01
  • Attraction : Outdoor Cinema
https://www.thisisathens.org/arts-entertainment/urban-culture/8-outdoor-cinemas

Greece has a fantastic tradition of open-air cinema. During the summer months it is absolutely the best experience to get to sit outside during an August evening, eat your favorite snacks, and watch a movie on the big screen. I know it can be hard to tell with the trees, but just behind them is Cine Aegli Summer Cinema. You can watch Greek and international movies alike, just keep an eye out for the schedule during the months they are open. I am sure you will find something you like! 

Point #26
Zappeion Hall

XPCP+CH Athens, Greece

  • Distance : 0.00
  • Attraction : Historical Hall
https://www.zappeion.gr/en/

This large building we have now taken the time to walk around goes by the name of Zappeion Hall. It is a neoclassical structure built in the late 1800s for the sole purpose of hosting events during the revival of the Olympic Games, and dedicated to a wealthy Greek benefactor who sponsored the first modern Olympic Games in 1859, Evangelis Zappas. The ancient Olympic Games originated in Olympia, Greece, possibly dating back to as early as the 9th century BCE. The games were banned for quite some time during the rule of Roman Emperor Theodosius I, but when Zappas saw the ideas to sponsor the revival of the Olympic Games in the 1850s, he generously offered. 

Since time has passed, Zappeion Hall is now used for a wide variety of events such as exhibitions, cultural events, and international conferences. It is even the location where the documents were signed marking Greece’s accession to the European Union in 1981. 

It is truly just as beautiful inside and out, with lovely frescoes and sculptures, a peaceful garden, and a grand atrium. Filled with ancient and modern history of the country, it is an excellent stop on our tour.

Point #27
Zappeion Garden

Zappeion Garden, Leof. Vasilissis Olgas 1, Athina 105 57, Greece

  • Distance : 0.03
  • Attraction : Gardens
https://www.athenskey.com/zappeion-hall--gardens.html

The peaceful garden I just mentioned, is on our left, Zappeion Garden. Technically also a part of the National Garden, it’s a separate section that is specifically dedicated to Evangelis Zappas, just as Zappeion Hall is. A gorgeous fountain sits in the center, shaded by many trees. As the garden is situated in the center, you are not distracted by the citylife that is just outside. It is always green and lush, and it’s the perfect place to reflect on your amazing trip so far!

Point #28
Directions

Leof. Vasilissis Olgas 1, Athina 105 57, Greece

  • Distance : 0.05
  • Attraction :
-

Head down this street until we reach  Ardittou Street where we will cross towards our last stop - Kallimarmaro!

 

Point #29
Kallimarmaro

Leof. Vasileos Konstantinou 1, Athina 116 36, Greece

  • Distance : 0.02
  • Attraction : Marble Stadium
https://whyathens.com/the-panathenaic-stadium/

Our final destination is one of the most iconic and significant historical landmarks in all of Greece, the Kallimarmaro, or the Panathenaic Stadium. The most recognizable and most talked about feature of the stadium is that it is built entirely of marble. There are no other stadiums in the world that have been created in such a way, making the Kallimarmaro a true wonder and spectacle. 

Constructed in the 4th century BC for the purpose of the Panathenaic Games, and is certainly a marvel of Greek architecture. The Panathenaic Games  were one of the four major Panhellenic Games of ancient Greece, just as Olympic, Pythian, and Isthmian were as well. They were a religious and cultural celebration dedicated to the goddess Athena, the deity of the city. 

As time passed, the stadium has been reconstructed, always to the original design, but has stayed as a special site for the Olympic Games. Not only did the Kallimarmaro hold the games in ancient Athens, but it even hosted the 1896 Olympic Games marking it the official revival of one of the most crucial traditions in the country of Greece. 

Today, the stadium stands mostly as a tourist attraction and a wonderful place to learn about the history of Greece and the city of Athens. But, once in a while there are events that take place such as the finish line for the Athens Classic Marathon that actually follows the original route dating back to ancient times. The Kallimarmaro is filled with stories and memories of many Greek traditions, so I urge you to explore this magnificent site while you are here. 

That is the end of our tour through Athens, Greece! I hope you had a wonderful time, I know I did! We got to see some of the most iconic locations, as well as places that are more off the beaten path. There is so much history in the city of Athens, and getting to walk through the narrow streets and up and down sets of stairs, you truly receive the genuine Athens experience. We got to be a bit of a tourist and a local today! Thank you so much for joining me today, and please enjoy the rest of your trip in the fantastic city of Athens!